Peaceful CoexistenceReligious Literacy + Legal Literacy =
The United Nations, in its Universal Declaration of Human Rights, makes clear that “freedom of religion or belief” (FoRB) is protected by international law, ensuring that “Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his [or her] religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his [or her] religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.”
In distinguishing itself from western/secular frameworks, the Organization of the Islamic Conference articulating an Islamic framework for promoting human rights in law. The Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam declares that “All human beings form one family… [and] are equal in terms of basic human dignity and basic obligations… [and] no one has superiority over another… [and that] All individuals are equal before the law, without distinction between the ruler and the ruled.”
Although the secular and theocratic motivations are distinct, these legal frameworks share much in common in their desired outcomes, as this course will demonstrate.